The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries and a group of Finnish companies created a project called Demo2013 to showcase energy efficient solutions in a port facility. The main results of the project are Finland’s first hydrogen refueling station and the first fuel cell car in traffic, Finland’s first fuel cell backup power unit for civilian use at the TeliaSonera base station, an overview report of safety requirements and standards concerning safety of fuel cells and hydrogen fuelling stations, and raised awareness of fuel cells and hydrogen among end users, professional groups, public and private decision makers, companies, students and school groups.
Communication and promotion of results and public awareness
Information was distributed in seminars, workshops, harbour tours and press releases both in Finland and internationally. Another important information source was a Demo2013 Information Booth set up in Gatehouse building at Vuosaari Harbour. The booth was live during the latter part of 2013 and worked as a point of information for everyday visitors and targeted groups. The booth displayed videos, posters and scale models of different fuel cell applications, backup power, safety of fuel cells and hydrogen fuelling stations, biogas production and applications, and commercialization roadmap of fuel cells.
The kick-off seminar for invited professionals and public decision-makers was arranged in Vuosaari harbor on 10th September, 2013. Targeted visit for school groups was arranged in October 2013. Two groups from Mäkelänrinne Upper Secondary School learned how fuel cells and hydrogen work. Elcogen Oy and VTT were presenting their fuel cell activities and the groups were also learning the principles of fuel cell car with Horizon educational kit. Check out the video!
Demo2013 was presented internationally in Japan (FC Expo 2012 and 2013), Germany (Group Exhibit Hydrogen + Fuel cells 2012 and 2013 in Hannover and f-cell conference 2011 and 2012 in Stuttgart), Korea (Renewable Energy Korea 2012), Italy (FCH JU Maritime Workshop 2013 in Venice), Brussels (Finland Pavilion in FCH JU GA & Review Day 2013) and Norway (HFCNordic2013 in Oslo). Co-operation with Sweden was organized in Demo2013 seminar in September 2013 when Skåne region’s Head of unit for environmental strategies gave a presentation in the seminar and brought a fuel cell car for Ride & Drive demonstrations for the invited seminar guests.
Finland’s first fuel cell backup power unit for civilian use was installed at Vuosaari Harbour 5th of September 2012 at the TeliaSonera base station. The successful installation of the backup power unit that can be utilized in areas where long lasting backup power is needed is part of Demo2013 project. There is no time lag associated with the power unit and its service interval can be up to five years. The backup unit has received good results in test runs and will be an important opening for further use of fuel cell backup power solutions.
Woikoski has developed and manufactured a high pressure hydrogen refueling station for fuel cell vehicles. The refueling station is an environmentally friendly solution that includes innovative own technology. Being the oldest gas company in Finland, Oy Woikoski Ab has been producing hydrogen for over 100 years and is now mostly focused on hydrogen. In the future, Woikoski will continue the development and deployment of hydrogen refueling stations in Finland and worldwide. The target market is fuel cell vehicles that will be introduced to large consumer markets by 2015. Woikoski is utilizing the by-product hydrogen from the various chemical plants in Finland. Woikoski is also investing 2014 to a new innovative hydrogen plant which produces 100...150kg/h of fuel cell purity hydrogen. Woikoski also has Finland’s first hydrogen fuel cell car from Hyundai.
The Finnish fleet of gas-powered vehicles numbers some 1500 units, market is growing steadily at the public refueling stations. Today, 20 public compressed bio and natural gas (CBG/CNG) filling stations are operating in Finland. Bio and natural gas as a road transport fuel is available in 15 Finnish cities/municipalities. Furthermore, additional new stations are currently planned both within and outside the natural gas grid area. Stations outside the natural gas grid area are based on local biogas production and/or liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Biogas is playing an increasingly important role at CNG/CBG refueling stations. Overall, renewable biogas accounts for approximately 30 % of the total methane used in Finnish NGVs. Gasum started to inject biomethane into the natural gas grid in October 2011 and began offering it as a transport fuel. To date, the injected biomethane has been produced in two biogas plants located in Kouvola and Espoo using mainly sludge from wastewater treatment plants as a raw material. New biogas production and upgrading facilities are being planned in several locations – next facility is being constructed in conjunction with waste management centre in Lahti-area. Gasum biogas is the first transport fuel to be granted the Nordic Ecolabel and the “Made in Finland” label.
Finnish companies are developing environmentally friendly and more efficient cargo handling solutions. Cargotec has been part of the Demo2013 project from the beginning. Energy efficiency is the driving force in cargo handling business towards cleaner, all-electric solutions. Heavy hybrid solutions using fuel cells are on this roadmap. Cargotec was part of DemoSafety project in order to clarify the requirements of CE-mark for the equipment and be prepared to the next step.
Safety of fuel cell applications
In addition to technical and economic competitiveness, also public acceptability affects the introduction of fuel cell applications into the market. To achieve public acceptance safety and reliability of fuel cell applications and use of hydrogen must be ensured as well as possible. Increasing number of manufacturers and those placing fuel cell applications on the market will need information and guidance on the regulations and requirements concerning safety and conformity of the applications. The project gives an overview of safety requirements in EU-regulations and in Finland´s national regulations. Also the standards concerning safety of fuel cells and hydrogen fuelling stations are studied. Results are published as VTT report.
One of the main results of DuraDemo-project is the 50kW stationary PEMFC pilot plant utilizing by-product hydrogen from process industry. The system concept has been designed and its performance will be confirmed by a 5000 hour field experiment at Kemira Chemicals site in Äetsä during the project. The pilot plant offers a platform for experimental studying the PEMFC technology, produces valuable data about system performance and allows testing different system level solutions from component and layout design to diagnosis and control. In the future, the commercial product can be utilized by a wide range of end-users running processes where hydrogen is produced as a by-product. Market potential in Finland is considerable and also international markets need to be considered. The emerging power-to-gas market for storing energy from renewables to hydrogen is also an option worth considering for stationary PEMFC systems.
Harbour as a platform
Port of Helsinki and its new Vuosaari Harbour offered a platform for Demo2013 that was an ideal location for pioneering clean energy technologies. Vuosaari Harbour offer modern services for container and trailer traffic, and also passenger transportation. Its location within the city means that noise pollution should be minimized, and there are also strict controls on all polluting emissions. Energy efficient Vuosaari Harbour as a platform is open for innovative and environmentally sustainable solutions also in the future.